Arrow MPS

2 & 3 Axis Turning

CNC Lathe

CNC turning, a pivotal process in contemporary manufacturing, is expertly executed with the aid of CNC lathes, machines that stand at the forefront of technological advancement. These sophisticated apparatuses are lauded for their remarkable ability to guarantee unparalleled precision and accuracy. This ensures that every outcome is not only consistent but also of the highest quality. The versatility of CNC lathes allows for the creation of complex geometries, intricate patterns, and dimensions with meticulous accuracy, catering to the most demanding manufacturing requirements. 

The significance of CNC lathes extends beyond precision; they are a cornerstone in enhancing manufacturing productivity. By automating operations, these machines drastically cut down on manual labour, propelling operational efficiency to new heights. This automation translates into quicker production timelines, minimised setup durations and the capacity for round-the-clock machining with minimal supervision, often referred to as “lights-out” machining. Such efficiencies are invaluable in today’s fast-paced manufacturing landscape.

2 & 3 Axis Turning

Another pivotal advantage of CNC turning, facilitated by CNC lathe machines, is its exceptional repeatability. This attribute ensures minimal discrepancies between produced parts, fostering unparalleled consistency across production batches. The ability to replicate precise details flawlessly is critical in industries where uniformity is paramount. 

The role of CNC lathes in modern manufacturing cannot be overstated. They have become integral components of the manufacturing arsenal, driving forward the evolution of manufacturing techniques and elevating the quality of products across various sectors. The integration of CNC lathe machines into production lines not only streamlines processes but also opens up new possibilities for innovation and efficiency in manufacturing. 

CNC Turning

In the dynamic arena of modern manufacturing, CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machines have ushered in a new era of production. These marvels of technology streamline the manufacturing process with their precision and efficiency, consistently delivering products of the highest quality. Yet, occasional tuning is essential to harness the power of these machines fully. This fine-tuning is especially crucial for specific types such as 2-axis CNC machines, CNC lathes and the 3 axis CNC machine, ensuring they operate at peak performance. 

At Arrow MPS, our expertise isn’t just confined to supplying parts; we excel in engineering and constructing bespoke machinery tailored to a multitude of functions. Our capabilities stretch across a broad spectrum, from precision metal turning lathe operations to intricate milling, turning and welding solutions. Our distinguished roster of clients bears testimony to our ability to meet a wide range of manufacturing needs, positioning us as the definitive one-stop solution for precision engineering. 

Whether you need a metal turning lathe, a 3 axis CNC machine or expert advice on optimising your CNC machinery, our team of specialists is here to guide you. By connecting with Arrow MPS, you’re not just gaining access to superior machinery and parts; you’re tapping into a wealth of knowledge and experience in the manufacturing domain.  

2-Axis CNC Machine

A 2 Axis CNC Machine, also referred to as a 2 Axis CNC Lathe, stands as a cornerstone in the realm of CNC technology, characterised by its streamlined two-axis operation: the X-axis and the Z-axis. These axes are pivotal to the machine’s functionality, with the X-axis governing the lateral (horizontal) movement of the cutting tool and the Z-axis managing its longitudinal (vertical) trajectory. This configuration enables the CNC Lathe to execute precise cuts and shapes with remarkable accuracy. 

The art of CNC turning on a 2 Axis CNC Machine goes beyond mere operation; it involves the meticulous adjustment of various parameters to refine its performance. Enhancing the precision, speed, and overall productivity of these machines is a task that demands a deep understanding of CNC principles. Tailoring these adjustments ensures that the 2 Axis CNC Lathe not only meets but exceeds the stringent demands of modern manufacturing, delivering unparalleled efficiency and output quality. 

From intricate component fabrication to rapid prototyping, the 2 Axis CNC Lathe provides a reliable solution for achieving top-tier accuracy and efficiency in manufacturing processes. As technology evolves, so too does the capability of these machines, continually pushing the boundaries of what can be achieved in CNC machining.

3 Axis Lathe

A 3 Axis Lathe, embodying an evolution in CNC technology, introduces an extra layer of capability beyond the traditional 2-axis framework. This advancement incorporates the Y-axis, thereby broadening the machine’s operational reach to more intricate machining tasks.  

The addition of this axis allows the 3 Axis Lathe to execute complex operations with heightened flexibility and pinpoint precision. The process of CNC tuning for these lathes is a meticulous exercise in optimising their performance, involving the calibration of the X, Y, and Z axes, alongside refinements in the spindle, controller, and software settings. 

Delving into the calibration for CNC Turning 4 (likely referring to the attention to detail required for optimising four key aspects: the three axes plus additional operational parameters), it becomes clear that precision in setting up a 3 Axis CNC Lathe is paramount. Adjusting and aligning these components is crucial for harnessing the full potential of the machine, ensuring that every movement is synchronised and every cut is executed with absolute accuracy. This level of optimisation not only boosts the machine’s efficiency but also elevates the quality of output, ensuring that production processes benefit from both speed and precision. 

The 3 Axis Lathe stands as a testament to the advancements in machining technology, offering manufacturers the ability to tackle more complex designs that were previously out of reach. The precise tuning of a 3 Axis CNC Lathe, including the careful calibration of its axes and the optimisation of its operational parameters, is a critical step in leveraging its full capabilities. By achieving optimal alignment and balance, manufacturers can unlock superior machining performance, resulting in enhanced production efficiency and a higher quality of finished products. 


CNC Turning 4 refers to an advanced level of CNC turning operations, often implying the inclusion of a fourth axis of movement or the integration of four critical machining processes in one setup. Unlike traditional 2 or 3-axis CNC turning, which is limited to rotational and linear movements across two or three dimensions, CNC Turning 4 introduces additional flexibility and precision. This could involve the addition of a rotary table, enabling the workpiece to be rotated and machined at various angles without manual repositioning, enhancing the complexity and variety of parts that can be produced.  

A 2 Axis CNC Machine simplifies operations by focusing on two primary directions of movement — typically, the X-axis (lateral movement) and Z-axis (longitudinal movement). This straightforward approach makes it an excellent choice for producing cylindrical and round shapes with high precision and speed. The benefits include lower production costs due to the simplicity of setup and operation, faster turnaround times, and high repeatability for large-scale production runs.  

The 2 Axis CNC Lathe excels in precision metalworking by providing unparalleled accuracy and consistency in producing parts. It specialises in operations like cutting, knurling, and drilling, focusing on symmetrical and cylindrical shapes. The two-axis movement allows for efficient material removal and finishing, making it an invaluable tool for creating parts requiring tight tolerances and smooth finishes.  

A 3 Axis Lathe introduces an additional Y-axis to the traditional X and Z axes found in simpler lathes, expanding the machine’s ability to create more complex and detailed geometries. This added flexibility allows for off-centre drilling, milling and tapping operations, enabling the production of intricate parts with more detailed features in a single setup. The 3 Axis Lathe is particularly beneficial for producing complex components quickly and accurately, reducing the need for secondary operations and enhancing overall workflow efficiency in the manufacturing process. 

While a CNC Lathe Machine and a Metal Turning Lathe both serve the primary function of shaping metal by removing excess material, the CNC Lathe Machine offers advanced precision, automation, and versatility. Equipped with computer numerical control, a CNC Lathe Machine can produce complex designs with high accuracy and repeatability, which is challenging to achieve with manual operation on a traditional Metal Turning Lathe. Furthermore, CNC Lathes can be programmed for a wide range of operations including turning, boring, facing, and threading, making them indispensable for modern manufacturing where complex components and efficiency are critical.